This bread is a wonderful loaf bread full of complex flavors and a hearty texture. Although it appears as though it may be a wheat bread, don’t be fooled! The dark coloring is a result of mild molasses in the dough, which provides a slightly sweet flavor to the bread. In addition to the molasses, cornmeal is also added, which gives the crust a nice crunch and the bread a full and hearty texture. The resulting loaf is a soft sandwich-style bread that pairs well with just as well with lunch meat as it does with your classic peanut butter and jelly. For breakfast, layer on butter and your favorite jelly.
Did I mention that it also makes a fabulous prosciutto, mozzarella, and roasted red pepper sandwich?
The majority of the recipes in The Bread Baker’s Apprentice require an overnight fermentation of a portion of the dough, which Peter Reinhart states improves the flavor of the bread. While an overnight soaking of the cornmeal in water is required, a “bulk fermentation” is completed the same day that the bread is baked, which relieves the heavy night-before work that is needed. All that is needed the night before is to mix together cornmeal and water with a spoon, and set it aside. Easy enough.
Below is my bulk fermentation once it has bubbled, and then the dough just as it is finished kneading in my Kitchen Aid mixer. From start to finish, this bread took about five hours to complete, which includes all rising and baking time.
One of the cardinal rules of bread baking is that you must give it ample time (usually around 1 hour) to cool after coming out of the oven before it is sliced into. I detest this rule. It just seems contrary to the common sense that screams from most people’s taste buds. After all, isn’t warm bread fresh from the oven one of the most satisfying and comforting tastes? As much as I hate this rule, it’s one that I usually try to follow. Unless of course I’m making Italian bread and there’s pasta on the table, then all bets are off. The truth is that the bread needs the cooling time to allow the inside of the bread to set up. If you cut into a warm loaf of bread, more than likely you will find that it will result in a softer, more “mushy” type texture. So, call upon all the self-discipline you have and try to leave the bread to cool for about an hour.
Yield: Two 9x5 loaves or three 8½x4½ loaves
Prep Time: 1 hour (active) 12 hours (inactive)
Cook Time: 45 minutes
Total Time: 13 hours 45 minutes
1 cup (6 ounces) cornmeal
1 cup (8 ounces) water, at room temperature
4½ cups (20.25 ounces) unbleached bread flour
2 teaspoons instant yeast
1 cup (8 ounces) water, lukewarm (90° to 100° F)
1½ teaspoons salt
6 tablespoons (4 ounces) molasses
2 tablespoons unsalted butter, at room temperature
Cornmeal for dusting (optional)
1. The day before making the bread, make the soaker by mixing the cornmeal and water in a small bowl. Cover with plastic wrap and let sit overnight at room temperature.
2. The next day, to make the dough, stir together 2 cups of the flour, the yeast, soaker, and water in a mixing bowl (or in the bowl of an electric mixer). Cover the bowl with a towel or plastic wrap and ferment for 1 hour, or until the sponge begins to bubble.
3. Add the remaining 2½ cups of flour, the salt, molasses, and butter and stir (or mix on low speed with the paddle attachment) until the ingredients form a ball. Add water if necessary to make a soft, slightly sticky mass.
4. Sprinkle flour on the counter, transfer the dough to the counter, and begin kneading (or mix on medium speed with the dough hook), sprinkling in more flour as needed to make a tacky, but not sticky, dough. The dough should be firm but supple and pliable and definitely not sticky. It will take about 10 minutes of kneading to accomplish this (or 6 to 8 minutes in the electric mixer). The dough should pass the windowpane test and register 77° to 81° F.
5. Lightly oil a bowl and transfer the dough to the bowl, rolling it around to coat it with the oil. Cover the bowl with plastic wrap and ferment the dough at room temperature for about 90 minutes, or until it doubles in size.
6. Remove the dough from the bowl and divide it into 2 equal pieces of 24 ounces, or 3 pieces of about 16 ounces. Shape the dough into loaves, and place them into bread pans that have been lightly oiled or misted with spray oil. Mist the tops of the loaves with spray oil and loosely cover the tops with plastic wrap.
7. Proof at room temperature for 60 to 90 minutes, or until the loaves crest fully above the tops of the pans.
8. Preheat the oven to 350°F with the oven rack on the middle shelf. Place the pans on a sheet pan and remove the plastic wrap. Mist the tops with a spray of water and dust with cornmeal.
9. Place the sheet pan in the oven and bake for 20 minutes. Rotate the sheet pan for even baking and continue to bake for 20 to 30 minutes, or until the loaves are golden brown, including along the sides and bottom, and register at least 185° to 190°F in the center. They should make a hollow sound when thumped on the bottom.
10. When the loaves are done, remove them immediately from the pans and cool on a rack for at least 1 hour before slicing or serving.