Plain Bagels

Look out Panera, there’s a new bagel maker in town! I do love Panera bagels and usually always get one whether I’m there for lunch or dinner, and I’ve really wanted to try my hand at making them from scratch. I put it off for a couple of months until I found myself with an extra block of cream cheese and it gave me the nudge I needed to make a batch of bagels to slather it on. My friend (and new baking buddy) Annie baked these with me, and although our KA mixers almost died a fiery death, we had a great time comparing notes and then partaking in what was a truly satisfying accomplishment!

Much more on the process, recipe, and pictures after the break.

This recipe comes courtesy of Peter Reinhart’s The Bread Baker’s Apprentice, from which I recently made some white bread. The intro to the recipe for bagels is about three pages long and goes into much detail surrounding the history of bagels, the different methods used to shape, different pre-baking techniques (steaming vs. boiling), and how higher gluten flours lead to a more authentic taste. Of particular importance was that he said this bagel dough was stiffer than any other in the “bread kingdom”. He couldn’t have been more right. Annie had her KA mixer smoking and I could smell mine burning while it was kneading the dough. Both mixers survived, and the result was incredibly flavorful, chewy bagels that pretty much ensure I’ll never reach for a sleeve of Thomas’ or Lenders’ again (I probably can’t stay away from Panera forever!).

As with breads, I am a bagel minimalist. I like ’em plain and slathered with cream cheese. Every now and then I’ll take one with sesame seeds or an asiago one, but by and large, I like my bagels simple and that is just how I made them.


Yield: 12 large or 24 mini bagels

Prep Time: 12 hours

Cook Time: 10 minutes

Total Time: 12 hours 15 minutes


1 teaspoon (.11 ounce) instant yeast
4 cups (18 ounces) unbleached high-gluten or bread flour
2 ½ cups (20 ounces) water, at room temperature

½ teaspoon (.055 ounces) instant yeast
3 ¾ cups (17 ounces) unbleached high-gluten or bread flour
2 ¾ teaspoons (.7 ounce) salt
2 teaspoons (.33 ounce) malt powder OR 1 tablespoon (.5 ounce) dark or light malt syrup, honey, or brown sugar

To Finish
1 tablespoon baking soda
Cornmeal or semolina flour for dusting
Sesame seeds, poppy seeds, kosher salt, rehydrated dried minced garlic or onions, or chopped fresh onions that have been tossed in oil (optional)


1. To make the sponge, stir the yeast into the flour in a 4-quart mixing bowl. Add the water, whisking or stirring only until it forms a smooth, sticky batter (like pancake batter). Cover the bowl with plastic wrap and leave at room temperature for approximately 2 hours, or until the mixture becomes very foamy and bubbly. It should swell to nearly double in size and collapse when the bowl is tapped on the countertop.

2. To make the dough, in the same mixing bowl (or in the bowl of an electric mixer), add the additional yeast to the sponge and stir. Then add 3 cups of the flour and all of the salt and malt. Stir (or mix on low speeds with the dough hook) until the ingredients form a ball, slowly working in the remaining ¾ cup flour to stiffen the dough.

3. Transfer the dough to the counter and knead for at least 10 minutes (or for 6 minutes by machine). The dough should be firm, stiffer than French bread dough, but still pliable and smooth. There should be no raw flour - all the ingredients should be hydrated. The dough should pass the windowpane test and register 77 to 81 degrees F. If the dough seems dry and rips, add a few drops of water and continue kneading. If the dough seems tacky or sticky, add more flour to achiever the stiffness required. The kneaded dough should feels satiny and pliable but not be tacky.

4. Immediately divide the dough into 4 ½ ounce pieces for standard bagels, or smaller if desired. Form the pieces into rolls.

5. Cover the rolls with a damp towel and allow them to rest for approximately 20 minutes.

6. Line 2 sheet pans with baking parchment and mist lightly with spray oil. Proceed with shaping the bagels.

7. Place each of the shaped pieces 2 inches apart on the pan. Mist the bagels very lightly with the spray oil and slip each pan into a food-grade plastic bag, or cover loosely with plastic wrap. Let the pans sit at room temperature for about 20 minutes.

8. Check to see if the bagels are ready to be retarded in the refrigerator by using the "float test". Fill a small bowl with cool or room-temperature water. The bagels are ready to be retarded when they float within 10 seconds of being dropped into the water. Take one bagel and test it. if it floats, immediately return the tester bagel to the pan, pat it dry, cover the pan, and place it in the refrigerator overnight (it can stay in the refrigerator for up to 2 days). If the bagel does not float, return it to the pan and continue to proof the dough at room temperature, checking back every 10 to 20 minutes or so until a tester floats. The time needed to accomplish the float will vary, depending on the ambient temperature and the stiffness of the dough.

9. The following day (or when you are ready to bake the bagels), preheat the oven to 500 degrees F with the two racks set in the middle of the oven. Bring a large pot of water to a boil (the wider the pot the better), and add the baking soda. Have a slotted spoon or skimmer nearby.

10. Remove the bagels from the refrigerator and gently drop them into the water, boiling only as many comfortably fit (they should float within 10 seconds). After 1 minute flip them over and boil another minute. If you like very chewy bagels, you can extend the boiling to 2 minutes per side. While the bagels are boiling, sprinkle the same parchment-line sheet pans with cornmeal or semolina flour. (If you decided to replace the paper, be sure to spray the new paper lightly with spray oil to prevent the bagels from sticking to the surface.) If you want to top the bagels, do so as soon as they come out of the water. You can use any of the suggestions in the ingredients list or a combination. I make a seed and salt blend.

11. When all the bagels have been boiled, place the pans on the 2 middle shelves in the oven. Bake for approximately 5 minutes, then rotate the pans, switching shelves and giving the pans a 180-degree rotation. (If you are baking only 1 pan, keep it on the center shelf but still rotate 180 degrees.) After the rotation, lower the oven setting to 450 degrees F and continue baking for about 5 minutes, or until the bagels turn light golden brown. You may bake them darker if you prefer.

12. Remove the pans from the oven and let the bagels cool on a rack for 15 minutes or longer before serving.

(Source: Peter Reinart The Bread Baker's Apprentice, pages 115-122)


27 Responses to “Plain Bagels”

  1. Amber on July 13, 2008 at 8:29 am

    Wow, these look incredibally good! Great job. I can’t wait to make them myself.


  2. delicious chronicles on July 14, 2008 at 11:15 pm

    omg i love bagels


  3. Lauren on August 20, 2008 at 9:05 am

    I’m still enjoying these…right now…at my desk 🙂 So good.


  4. Carolyn on May 13, 2009 at 9:28 am

    these look great! I hope mine turn out as good!


  5. Beth on November 10, 2009 at 11:26 pm

    Great recipe! I’m looking forward to trying the other bagel varieties that you have posted. 🙂


  6. Amy Ferguson on January 3, 2010 at 4:55 pm

    I made these bagels this weekend and before the first batch was entirely eaten my husband was urging me to make more.
    So delicious! I completely agree about them being too much for most kitchen aid mixers….mine started to smell a little toasty. I found the kneading by hand difficult but soothing.


  7. Vanessa on January 3, 2010 at 6:40 pm

    I made these but added asiago cheese to the last stage of mixing. They were fabulous! I have a professional 500 series KA and it handled the kneading no problem!


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  9. drew on December 9, 2010 at 1:43 pm

    AMAZING! I have made bagels before but they were terrible compared to these. I had to make another batch right away because everyone loved them so much. I have a kitchenAid mixer and had to knead the dough in two batches because it just struggled but other than that everything went really well


    • Michelle on December 10th, 2010 at 2:26 pm

      Yay! I just adore these bagels, they’re wonderful!


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  12. Gordon on October 19, 2011 at 11:33 am

    Wish the bagels were gluten free I would be all over that.


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  14. Madeline on February 11, 2012 at 3:21 pm

    I love love love bagels & will definitely be trying this recipe. Have you tried whole grain bagels?


    • Michelle on February 12th, 2012 at 1:24 pm

      I have not, but I will add that of my list of to-bake bagel recipes!


  15. Rebecca on April 7, 2012 at 6:54 pm

    I love love love love bagels and am looking forward to making these! Approximetly how long would it take to make each part of these bagels?


    • Michelle on April 9th, 2012 at 1:14 pm

      Hi Rebecca, The sponge takes 2 hours (almost all inactive time – takes 5 minutes to mix), mixing/shaping takes about 1 hour 30 minutes, then they site overnight in the fridge, boiling takes about 10 minutes, and baking 20 minutes total.


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  17. Jennifer H on October 7, 2012 at 7:17 pm

    I made this today but instead of doing all plain I split it into 4 sections and made 4 plain, 4 cranberry, 4 everything and 4 jalapeno cheese. This was my 1st time making bagels and these are seriously the best bagels I’ve ever had!


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  20. chris on September 6, 2013 at 9:22 pm

    I made these according to the directions and they were the best bagels I’ve had.


  21. Sarah on February 10, 2014 at 12:12 pm

    I made these over the weekend and they were wonderful. I ran out of bread flour so the last cup-and-a-half was whole wheat flour and they still turned out great. I topped some with lemon pepper and some with an Italian cheese mix and then left a couple of them plain. They are excellent and I will be making them again soon!


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  23. Marie on March 7, 2015 at 6:52 pm

    would you be able to make this using dry active yeast?


    • Michelle on March 9th, 2015 at 11:06 am

      Hi Marie, I would not recommend it, as using dry active yeast would require specific activation and it would affect the rise times.


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