Eclairs and Cream Puffs

You may notice that my post does not have a “TWD” header on it as you have come to find on most Tuesdays here at Sugar & Spice. Sadly, I have taken a break from Tuesdays With Dorie, as I have found recently that the commitment was getting to be a lot given some other things I have going on, and I wanted to free up some of my time and grocery budget (not to mention my waist line!) to ensure I had the opportunity to begin tackling things that have been on my “to make” list for quite some time. I still may bake along unofficially some weeks as well as use the recipes as inspiration to tackle those things that I’ve been dying to make.

That is exactly what I did this week – I have wanted to make éclairs and cream puffs for ages, but never made the time. After seeing that this week’s TWD pick was the Peppermint Cream Puff, I decided to roll up my sleeves and finally conquer a pastry!

Continue reading to find out how the pâte à choux went, the secret ingredient to the richest pastry cream ever, pictures of the cream puffs, and recipes of course!

I used Baking Illustrated recipes for both the pâte à choux and the pastry cream, and neither disappointed. This was my first time making pâte à choux, having only ever watched Ina do it on her show before. Of course she made it look quite simple, and, truth be told, it wasn’t very difficult! One question – what kind of tip do you pâte à choux experts use? I looked all over Michael’s and Joann’s and couldn’t find a large round tip for the life of me.

And now the pastry cream. Oh my, the pastry cream. Like all of America’s Test Kitchen recipes, this one was tested time and time again in terms of the type of fat (milk, half and half, and cream), the number of eggs, and the amount of butter. And let me tell you – they nailed it. This might be the best pastry cream I have ever tasted. So much so that I think I gave myself a stomach ache “taste testing” while I assembled the pastries.

If you’ve ever put off making cream puffs or éclairs because of the perceived difficulty, please give these a try!

Eclairs and Cream Puffs

Yield: 24 cream puffs or 8 eclairs

Prep Time: 3 hours

Cook Time: 1 hour 10 minutes

Total Time: 4 hours 30 minutes


For the Pastry Cream:
2 cups half-and-half
1/2 cup sugar
Pinch salt
5 large egg yolks
3 tablespoons cornstarch
4 tablespoons (1/2 stick) cold unsalted butter, cut into 4 pieces
1 1/2 teaspoons vanilla extract

For the Pâte à Choux:
2 large eggs plus 1 large egg white
5 tablespoons unsalted butter, cut into 10 pieces
2 tablespoons whole milk
6 tablespoons water
1 1/2 teaspoons sugar
1/4 teaspoon salt
1/2 cup (2 1/2 ounces) unbleached all-purpose flour, sifted

For the Chocolate Glaze:
2 ounces bittersweet chocolate, chopped
1 tablespoon heavy cream
2 teaspoons light corn syrup


1. Make the Pastry Cream: Heat the half-and-half, 6 tablespoons of the sugar, and the salt in a medium heavy-bottomed saucepan over medium heat until simmering, stirring occasionally to dissolve the sugar.

2. Meanwhile, whisk the egg yolks in a medium bowl until thoroughly combined. Whisk in the remaining 2 tablespoons sugar and whisk until the sugar has begun to dissolve and the mixture is creamy, about 15 seconds. Whisk in the cornstarch until combined and the mixture is pale yellow and thick, about 20 seconds.

3. When the half-and-half mixture reaches a full simmer, gradually whisk the simmering half-and-half into the yolk mixture to temper. Return the mixture to the saucepan, scraping the bowl with a rubber spatula; return to a simmer over medium heat, whisking constantly, until a few bubbles burst on the surface and the mixture is thickened and glossy, about 30 seconds. Off the heat, whisk in the butter and vanilla. Strain the pastry cream through a fine-mesh sieve set over a medium bowl. Press plastic wrap directly on the surface to prevent a skin from forming and refrigerate until cold and set, at least 3 hours or up to 2 days.

4. Make the Pâte à Choux: Beat the eggs and egg white in a measuring cup or small bowl; you should have 1/2 cup (discard the excess). Set aside.

5. Bring the butter, milk, water, sugar, and salt to a boil in a small saucepan over medium heat, stirring once or twice. When the mixture reaches a full boil (the butter should be fully melted), immediately remove the saucepan from the heat and stir in the flour with a heatproof spatula or wooden spoon until combined and the mixture clears the sides of the pan. Return the saucepan to low heat and cook, stirring constantly, using a smearing motion, until the mixture is slightly shiny, looks like wet sand, and tiny beads of fat appear on the bottom of the saucepan, about 3 minutes (the paste should register 175 to 180 degrees on an instant-read thermometer).

6. Immediately transfer the mixture to a food processor and process with the feed tube open for 10 seconds to cool slightly. With the machine running, gradually add the eggs in a steady stream. When all the eggs have been added, scrape down the sides of the bowl, then process for 30 seconds until a smooth, thick, sticky paste forms. (If not using immediately in one of the following recipes, transfer the paste to a medium bowl, press a sheet of plastic wrap that has been sprayed lightly with nonstick cooking spray directly on the surface, and store at room temperature for up to 2 hours.)

7. Adjust an oven rack to the middle position and heat the oven to 425 degrees. Spray a large (18 by 12-inch) baking sheet with nonstick cooking spray and line with parchment paper; set the pan aside.

8. Fold down the top 3 or 4 inches of a large pastry bag fitted with a 1/2-inch plain tip to form a cuff. Hold the bag open with one hand in the cuff and fill the bag with the paste. Unfold the cuff, lay the bag on the work surface, and, using your hands or a bench scraper, push the paste toward the tip of the pastry bag.

For Cream Puffs: Twist the top of the bag and pipe the paste into 1 1/4- to 1 1/2-inch mounds on the prepared baking sheet, spacing them about 1 to 1 1/4 inches apart. Use the back of a teaspoon dipped in a bowl of cold water to even out the shape and smooth the surface of the piped mounds.

For Eclairs: Twist the top of the bag and pipe the paste into eight 5 by 1-inch strips, spaced about 1 inch apart. Use the back of a teaspoon dipped in a bowl of cold water to even out the shape and smooth the surface of the piped strips.

9. Bake 15 minutes (do not open the oven door), then reduce the oven temperature to 375 degrees and continue to bake until golden brown and fairly firm (the puffs and éclairs should not be soft and squishy), 8 to 10 minutes longer. Remove the baking sheet from the oven. With a paring knife, cut a 3/4-inch slit into the side of each puff and on the top of each éclair to release steam; return the puffs to the oven, turn off the oven, and prop the oven door open with the handle of a wooden spoon. Dry the puffs and éclairs in the turned-off oven until the centers are just moist (not wet) and the puffs and éclairs are crisp, about 45 minutes. Transfer the puffs and/or éclairs to a wire rack to cool completely. (The cooled puffs and éclairs can be stored at room temperature for up to 24 hours or frozen in a zipper-lock plastic bag for up to 1 month. Before serving, crisp room-temperature puffs in a 300-degree oven 5 to 8 minutes; crisp frozen puffs/éclairs 8 to 10 minutes.)

10. When ready to serve:

For Cream Puffs: Use the tip of a paring knife to make a small X in the side of each puff, about halfway between the top and bottom. Fill a pastry bag fitted with a 1/4-inch plain tip with the pastry cream and then pip some pastry cream through the X in the side of each puff. (Fill each puff until the pastry cream starts to ooze out the side.) Top with chocolate glaze or sifted powdered sugar.

For Eclairs: With a paring knife, cut around the sides of each éclair to remove the top third. Dip the top of each éclair into the glaze, shaking off any excess, and transfer the tops to a wire rack to dry. Spoon 3 to 4 tablespoons of pastry cream in the bottom of each éclair. Once the glaze has set, set the tops on the éclairs and press gently to secure.

(Recipes for Pastry Cream and Pâte à Choux from Baking Illustrated; Recipe for Chocolate Glaze from Baking: From My Home to Yours)


46 Responses to “Eclairs and Cream Puffs”

  1. Caitlin on June 17, 2008 at 6:55 pm

    Muahaha, you can’t rid yourself of us that easily! And what adorable little puffs those are!


  2. Heather B on June 17, 2008 at 6:59 pm

    yum! They look delicious! Great job!


  3. Susan on June 17, 2008 at 6:59 pm

    Sorry you aren’t with us officially anymore, but these look great!


  4. Di on June 17, 2008 at 7:19 pm

    Nice looking puffs! I love Baking Illustrated, as well as pretty much anything else from ATK.


  5. Tammy on June 17, 2008 at 7:19 pm

    they look delicious! I am going to have try that recipe for the pastry cream!


  6. Joelen on June 17, 2008 at 7:23 pm

    They look amazing! Great job 🙂


  7. LyB on June 17, 2008 at 8:47 pm

    Beautiful looking puffs!


  8. kim on June 18, 2008 at 1:49 am

    they are very cute!! i hear ya about the time/waistline effects… always a sacrifice 😉


  9. Jef on June 18, 2008 at 3:32 am

    Tip size? All depends on what you’re trying to make.

    Bite-sized eclairs? #005 Atecco Tip
    Med-Large sized? #008/#009 Atecco Tip

    Depending on how good you are with the piping bag, cream puffs can be made with any sized tip. Small tips will just take longer and be more difficult to get an evenly shaped ball 🙂


  10. Barbara on June 18, 2008 at 7:54 am

    You might have to find a real cooking store for a large tip. I use one of the jumbo star-shaped tips for big cream puffs. Technically I guess you don’t really need a tip — just cut the end of the disposable bag to the right size and the opening will be your tip.


  11. RecipeGirl on June 18, 2008 at 8:28 am

    Oh my gosh, this is my favorite sort of dessert. They look wonderful. Of course, I could just sit with a bowl of the filling and eat it with a spoon but that would be a really bad idea!


  12. rainbowbrown on June 18, 2008 at 8:52 am

    Ah, those test kitchen masters could not lead you wrong. Glad to know you’ll still chime in sometimes. Good luck with your to do list of recipes!


  13. Kate on June 18, 2008 at 11:39 am

    You haven’t quit, you’re just spinning off!


  14. Sophia Hussain on June 18, 2008 at 2:35 pm

    When making the Pâte à Choux, can I use my KitchenAid mixer instead of a food processor? I don’t have a food processor.


    • Emily on December 1st, 2011 at 11:13 am

      Did you ever try with the KitchenAid? I too don’t have a food processor but really would like to make this recipe.


      • Krys on May 19th, 2016 at 6:32 pm

        I made my puffs with kitchenaid stand mixer. All you do is use paddle attachment and pour the 1/2 cup egg mixture carefully while machine is running. Just test the thickness of puff mix before you think its ready to be put in pastry bag. (or zip lock home made pastry bag)


  15. Jaime on June 18, 2008 at 2:46 pm

    your eclairs and cream puffs look wonderful! sorry to see you taking a break from TWD, but you know i’ll still be visiting your blog 🙂


  16. Jaime on June 18, 2008 at 2:47 pm

    oh – and i just used a pastry bag without any tip


  17. Amber on June 19, 2008 at 10:23 am

    These look absolutely delicious! I love cream puffs.


  18. Allie on June 25, 2008 at 7:33 am

    Hi, I love your blog! I was wondering if you had tried freezing any of the cream puffs after baking? They say you can re-crisp them after, but some people seem to think that doesn’t work.. Some people suggest freezing before baking. Thanks!


  19. Chelle on June 25, 2008 at 7:38 am

    Hi Allie, I’m so glad to hear you enjoy my blog!

    I actually did freeze the cream puffs and eclairs after baking, and my husband has been enjoying the cream puffs as the occasional dessert 🙂 I cannot attest to the re-crisping in the oven, because we usually just pop them in the microwave for 15 seconds to thaw them a bit, but they taste great!


  20. Ron Merlin on July 23, 2008 at 10:01 pm

    pssst! Just between you and I? I read your comment regarding the Tuesday site or whatever it is….. I’m a newby, with a brand new site, and I came across that same site the other day, and wrote and said, yeah, I’d love join.

    I recieved a very nice email, which contained rule after rule I was to follow in order to be a “member”…….

    And even that’s ok, but telling me I gotta buy some “book” and that I MUST make a recipe on TUESDAYS at least two of four weeks, just turned me off…..

    and that if I couldn’t do it, I MUST send an email explaining why I wasn’t making the designated recipe that week….etc. etc….

    Uh, I don’t think so…….I was just trying to find some folks with food blogs who might enjoy my association…..

    I wasn’t looking for dictated requirements…

    anyway, I’m done now…. lol…….. thanks for listening…..

    No one has to agree with me, I’m just sayin’……. some of these groups should lighten’ up…..

    Oh by the way, my site is:



  21. AsianSupper on July 26, 2010 at 11:47 pm

    Ohhhhhhh! i love cream puffs. they are my biggest weakness. sadly, i never like to share my cream puffs. you make it look so easy to make.


  22. Katrina Phillips on August 3, 2010 at 5:40 pm

    I make the (savory) puffs to sell and fill with either chicken, tuna or cheese (these 3 ingredients are mixed with mayonnaise). They are in a display glass case for about 6 hours.. how do I keep them from getting hard??


  23. Farrah Parker on November 23, 2010 at 8:21 pm

    Thank you so much for the step by step instructions it was a HUGE help for making these for the first time. The pastry cream was DELICIOUS!!! I had a little bit left over and my daughter was eating it up without the shell. I made these for a friend and posted them on my site.

    Thank you again.


    • Michelle on November 23rd, 2010 at 10:11 pm

      You are very welcome! Isn’t that pastry cream dreamy?? I love it!


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  27. love96 on April 21, 2011 at 4:51 am

    those cream puffs look very yummy.


  28. Alex on April 24, 2011 at 8:21 am

    I made these cream puffs yesterday and they came out perfectly. Great recipe. I had no problems and made no changes.


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  30. Briar on July 6, 2011 at 12:14 pm

    Hi there,
    I cannot wait to try this! I was wondering if you could give me any recommendations on good cookbooks or baking books that you use regularly. I love your site by the way, I use the recipes regularly and they never disappoint. I’m always so excited to try them!


  31. Carrie on October 2, 2011 at 9:34 am

    My eclairs didn’t really puff up. Anyone have any tips or thoughts where I might have fine wrong? Still tasted delicious, just looked a little wonky!


  32. Lauren on June 5, 2012 at 5:24 am

    I live in england and I’m confused… half and half? Half what and half what?! Does anyone know how I can make it or if there are any other names for it?:-)


    • Michelle on June 5th, 2012 at 9:57 am

      Hi Lauren, Half-and-half is a common product here in the U.S., but it is essentially half whole milk, and half heavy cream, so you can easily make it yourself!


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  34. katen on August 4, 2012 at 11:06 am

    i should sift the flour before measuring or measure before sifting?


    • Michelle on August 9th, 2012 at 4:00 pm

      Sift after measuring.


  35. KIM on October 14, 2012 at 8:10 am

    OK – I don’t know what is wrong, I have made 3 batches of dough and all I came up with are Creme Flats!!! LOL Pastry creme is delish – just have no puffs. Any ideas???


  36. Natalie m on July 8, 2014 at 4:51 pm



  37. Sophie on July 15, 2014 at 10:41 am

    hello!!! I am not able to access any half and half… is there anything I can use as an alternative??? xxx


    • Michelle on July 15th, 2014 at 11:19 pm

      Hi Sophie, You can use a combination of whole milk and heavy cream.


  38. Liz on August 20, 2014 at 1:28 pm

    To save on time, can I bake the cream puffs on two racks at the same time? Also, would it be ok if I made the cream puffs, from start to finish, refrigerate it and then serve it the next day? Thank you!


    • Michelle on August 22nd, 2014 at 8:37 am

      Hi Liz, I would only recommend that if you have a convection oven and have tested it before to make sure that one rack doesn’t over bake. They’re pretty delicate and could burn easily. You could make the cream puffs and make the pastry cream ahead of time, but I wouldn’t fill them until closer to when you’re ready to serve them. Filling them and then refrigerating for a day could make them soggy.


  39. Anna on April 5, 2015 at 1:20 pm

    First i want to say how much I love your recipes and the first place I look when I need a recipe is your website! Just love it!
    I would like to ask you about the pastries, I have a problem every time I make eclairs, the pastry itself won’t rise as it should or fall and break right after I turn off the oven, I follow the recipe step by step and yet every time it won’t work, and there is no space in the eclair for the cream.
    Do you have any advice or tips? Maybe I’m missing something..
    Thank you,
    Looking forward to your reply 🙂


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