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Greek Christmas Bread - Christopsomos

A Greek bread traditionally served at Christmas

Course Bread
Cuisine Greek
Prep 2 hours 10 minutes
Cook 20 minutes
Resting time 7 hours
Total 9 hours 30 minutes
Servings 12 servings (1 large loaf)
Calories 241 kcal
Author Michelle



  • cups unbleached bread flour (11.25 ounces )
  • cups water, at room temperature (12 ounces )
  • ¼ teaspoon instant yeast


  • 1 cup poolish (recipe follows) (7 ounces )
  • cups unbleached bread flour (16 ounces )
  • 1 teaspoon salt
  • teaspoons instant yeast
  • 1 teaspoon ground cinnamon
  • ¼ teaspoon ground nutmeg
  • ¼ teaspoon ground allspice
  • ¼ teaspoon ground cloves
  • 1 teaspoon orange extract
  • 1 teaspoon almond extract
  • 2 large eggs slightly beaten
  • ¼ cup honey
  • ¼ cup olive oil (2 ounces )
  • ¾ cup whole or low-fat milk, lukewarm (6 ounces )
  • ½ cup raisins
  • ½ cup chopped dried figs
  • ½ cup chopped walnuts


  • 2 tablespoons water
  • 2 tablespoons sugar
  • 2 tablespoons honey
  • 1 teaspoon orange extract
  • 1 teaspoon sesame seeds


  1. To make the poolish, stir together the flour, water, and yeast in a mixing bowl until all of the flour is hydrated. The dough should be soft and sticky and look like very thick pancake batter. Cover the bowl with plastic wrap and ferment at room temperature for 3 to 4 hours, or until the sponge becomes bubbly and foamy. Immediately refrigerate it. It will keep for up to 3 days in the refrigerator.
  2. To make the bread, remove the measured amount of poolish from the refrigerator 1 hour before making the dough.
  3. Stir together the flour, salt, yeast, cinnamon, nutmeg, allspice, and cloves in a large mixing bowl (or in the bowl of an electric mixer). Add the poolish, the extracts, eggs, honey, oil, and milk. Stir together with a sturdy spoon (or mix on low speed with the paddle attachment) until the dough forms a ball.
  4. Sprinkle flour on the counter, transfer the dough to the counter, and knead (or mix on medium speed with the dough hook). Add more milk or flour as needed to form the dough into a soft, but not sticky, ball. It should be tacky and very supple. Knead (or mix) for approximately 10 minutes, mixing in the raisins, figs, and walnuts during the final 2 minutes of kneading. The dough should pass the windowpane test and register 77° to 81°F.
  5. Lightly oil a bowl and transfer the dough to the bowl, rolling it around to coat it with oil. Cover the bowl with plastic wrap and ferment the dough at room temperature for 90 minutes, or until it doubles in size.
  6. Remove the dough from the bowl and shape it into a boule. Transfer it to a sheet pan that has been lined with baking parchment. Mist the dough with spray oil and loosely cover with plastic wrap.
  7. Proof at room temperature for 60 to 90 minutes, or until the dough nearly doubles in size.
  8. To make the decorative cross, before shaping the dough into a boule, divide it into pieces, 1 piece twice as big as the other. Shape the larger piece into a boule, and proof as described in Step 6. Place the smaller piece in a plastic bag and chill in the refrigerator. When the larger piece is ready is ready to bake, remove the smaller piece from the refrigerator, divide it in half, and roll each half into a 10-inch-long strand. Cross the 2 strands of dough over the top of the boule. Using a pastry scraper, split the ends of each strand and coil them to form a decorative cross.
  9. Preheat the oven to 350°F with the oven rack on the middle shelf.
  10. Bake the loaf for 20 minutes. Rotate the pan 180 degrees for even baking and continue baking for 20 to 25 minutes, or until the loaf is golden brown and registers 190°F. It should make a hollow sound when thumped on the bottom. You may glaze the loaf as soon as it comes out of the oven, if desired.
  11. To make the glaze, combine the water and sugar in a saucepan and bring to a boil. Add the honey and extract and turn off the heat. Reheat the glaze, if necessary, before applying it to the bread. Brush the loaf with the glaze and immediately sprinkle the loaf with sesame seeds.
  12. Transfer the bread to a rack and cool for at least 1 hour before slicing or serving.
Nutrition Facts
Greek Christmas Bread - Christopsomos
Amount Per Serving
Calories 241 Calories from Fat 54
% Daily Value*
Fat 6g9%
Cholesterol 13mg4%
Sodium 109mg5%
Potassium 139mg4%
Carbohydrates 40g13%
Fiber 2g8%
Sugar 8g9%
Protein 6g12%
Vitamin A 30IU1%
Vitamin C 0.3mg0%
Calcium 24mg2%
Iron 0.8mg4%
* Percent Daily Values are based on a 2000 calorie diet.